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Submitted: 17 Jan 2021
Accepted: 14 Feb 2021
ePublished: 30 Sep 2021
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Dis Diagn. 2021;10(3): 86-90.
doi: 10.34172/ddj.2021.17
  Abstract View: 97
  PDF Download: 71

Original Article

Epidemiology of Acute Flaccid Paralysis in Hormozgan Province, Iran

Ali Reza Moayedi 1 ORCID logo, Ahmadagha Negahi 2 ORCID logo, Seyed Hossein Asadi Yousefabad 3,4* ORCID logo, Seyed Hossein Saadat 5 ORCID logo, Mojtaba Salari 3 ORCID logo, Reza Safari 6 ORCID logo, Ghasem Ghaedi Hengami 7 ORCID logo

1 Department of Pediatrics Neurology, Pediatric Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2 Department of Neurology, Shahid Mohammadi Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
3 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
4 Food Health Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
5 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
6 Clinical Research Development Center of Children Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
7 Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
*Correspondence to Seyed Hossein Asadi, Yousefabad, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran. Tel: +989174341206, Email: hossein.asadi@hums. ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a syndrome that occurs with the sudden onset of paralysis in any part of the body of infants and children under 15 years old. This study investigated the epidemiology and causes of AFP in patients under 15 years of age admitted to hospitals in Hormozgan province during 2011-2018.

Materials and Methods: After receiving the code of ethics, the information of the studied patients was collected by referring to the health center of Hormozgan province and reviewing their records. The corresponding data were gathered using a checklist that included the causes of paralysis, age, gender, place of residence, and involved organs and then analyzed with SPSS software.

Results: Out of 121 patients, 58.7% were males. In addition, 69.4% and 21.5% of these patients were in the age groups of 0-5 and 5-10 years, and the remaining cases were in the age group of 10-15 years. In terms of accommodation, 19.8% and 14.9% of patients lived in Bandar Abbas and Minab, respectively. The highest incidence of the disease was 19% and 18.2% in 2013 and 2015, respectively. The most affected organ was 57% of both feet. The most common cause of AFP in this study was Guillain-Barre syndrome (37.2%), followed by transient synovitis (17.4%).

Conclusion: Considering the high annual incidence of this disease compared to the standard of the World Health Organization, it is recommended to launch training and vaccination campaigns to reduce the incidence and eradicate this disease.


Keywords: Acute flaccid paralysis, Guillain-Barre, Epidemiology

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