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Submitted: 26 Apr 2021
Accepted: 19 Jun 2021
ePublished: 28 Jun 2021
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Dis Diagn. 2021;10(2): 60-64.
doi: 10.34172/ddj.2021.12
  Abstract View: 12
  PDF Download: 13

Original Article

Pathological Indicators for Reporting Gastric Malignancies in a Hospital in Yazd

Kazem Ansari 1 ORCID logo, Mehran Jafari 2 ORCID logo, Milad Akhlaghi 3 ORCID logo, Mohammad Teabpour 4 ORCID logo, Mansour Moghimi 5* ORCID logo

1 Nano-Biotech Foresight Company Biotechnology Campus, Yazd Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Institute, Yazd, Yazd.
2 Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
3 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
4 Depatment of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences, Yazd, Iran.
5 Department of Pathology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
*Correspondence to Mansour Moghimi, Department of Pathology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Tel: 09131517331 Email : Dr_mansour_ moghimi@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers and is one of the most frequent causes of cancer death worldwide. In recent years, there has been a great deal of emphasis on the use of pathology reporting standards. Therefore, the aim of this study was how to report the pathological indicators of gastric malignancies in samples sent to the Pathology Department of Shahid Sadoughi hospital in Yazd in Iran in 2016-2018.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 174 patients. Study variables including age and gender, type of biopsy, the extent of gastric tissue involvement, exact anatomical location, tumor size, histological grading, invasion of surrounding tissues, and lymph node metastasis were extracted from patients’ records. Data were analyzed by SPSS 22. Frequency and percentage were reported using descriptive statistics and Chi-square/Fisher’s exact test for qualitative variables and independent sample t-test for quantitative variables. Finally, graphs were drawn using Excel 2010.

Results: Out of 174 participants, 63.8% were females (n = 111). Most reports were related to the histology of adenocarcinoma (n = 136, P=78.20), tumor size (n = 89, P=51.15), and anatomical exact location (n = 90, P=51.70), respectively. Regarding the exact anatomical location of 90 patients, most reports were related to the antrum (n = 38, P=42.23). The highest prevalence of histological type of adenocarcinoma was related to poorly differentiated cases (n = 57, P=41.94).

Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the method of reporting pathological indicators in gastric malignancies in the studied cases was somewhat appropriate.

Keywords: Pathological indicators, Gastric malignancies, Iran
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