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Submitted: 06 Aug 2020
Accepted: 05 Oct 2020
ePublished: 30 Dec 2020
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  Abstract View: 41

Original Article

Analysis of Epidemiological Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients in Rudan county, Iran

Mirza Ali Nazarnezhad 1 ORCID logo, Shokrollah Mohseni 2 ORCID logo, Mohammad Shamsadiny 2 ORCID logo, Pirdad Najafi 2 ORCID logo, Morteza Salemi 2* ORCID logo

1 Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran.
2 Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center, Hormozgan Health Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Abstract

Background: On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the novel
coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a global pandemic. The aim of the present study was to
analyze the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients in Rudan county so that regional
managers can make timely and effective decisions.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study performed on all registered patients with
confirmed COVID-19 in Rudan county by July 10, 2020. Patient information was extracted from
COVID-19 patient information registration system. The collected data included gender, age,
mortality, underlying disease, time of infection, occupation, contact history, and hospitalizations.
Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0.
Results: In this study, 614 (56%) of the patients were male and 477 (43%) were female. The mean
age of patients was 43 ± 17 years. A total of 136 patients (12.5%) had at least one underlying
disease. The majority of patients with underlying diseases (75%) had a history of contact with a
patient with confirmed COVID-19. There was no statistically significant relationship between
mortality and gender. The mean age of inpatients and outpatients was 56 ± 19 and 40 ± 15 years,
respectively. Most deaths occurred among the elderly and housewives, and the highest infection rate also occurred among the latter group.
Conclusion: In a situation where the COVID-19 pandemic is a global threat, health systems must
demonstrate appropriate and timely responses based on the development and implementation of
preventive policies and the care of vulnerable and high-risk patients.
Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Rudan, Epidemiology
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